Ethics of Animal Testing
I do think it is unethical however I understand the need for it. Animal testing is critical for advancing medicines and bringing them to patients. Unfortunately, until we find an ethical alternative I don't see this changing any time soon. There are laws in place that ensure we maintain humane care of animals, such as the Animal Welfare Act. In my experience in academic research, we filed IACUC applications in order to be able to perform any experiment. The application would provide detailed descriptions of the procedure and the treatment. It would require you to provide detailed plans of how the animal would be cared for, how would pain be managed, who would supervise the animal and how often, what diets would be followed. Additionally, extensive literary research justifying the experiment. Personnel needed to be qualified and appropriately trained. The committee that reviewed was always thorough with their questions and information they required. You also needed to prove that this could not be done without animal testing.
Today, because experiments on animals are cruel, expensive, and generally inapplicable to humans. The world’s most forward-thinking scientists have moved on to develop and use methods for studying diseases and testing products that replace animals and are actually relevant to human health. These alternatives to animal testing include sophisticated tests using human cells and tissues (also known as in vitro methods), advanced computer-modeling techniques (often referred to as in silico models), and studies with human volunteers. These and other non-animal methods are not hindered by species differences that make applying animal test results to humans difficult or impossible, and they usually take less time and money to complete.
This is a critical issue with every new drug or device developed to be tested. But it causes severe problems if the tests were directly conducted on humans instead of animals. Animal testing has been the only approved way to test any new drugs or devices. It helps to recognize the side effects or any critical problems that might affect the humans with the new drug or device. Due to the current developments there are few in vitro methods and other advanced techniques to overcome this testing on animals to certain extent. I feel that with the further developments and advancements in science animal testing can be reduced if there is a success with the in vitro models and other advanced techniques with are close to the human body in reaction to the new drug or devices.